Magadh University was established by the Government of Bihar under Bihar Act IV of 1961 on 2nd March, 1962, under the Magadh University Act of 196I, with its headquarter at Bodh-Gaya. The University is now governed by Bihar State University Act 1976. The University Grants Commission recognizes the University under 2(f) and 12 (b).
The territorial jurisdiction of the Magadh University is spread over the whole of the Magadh Division, Patna Division and over Nalanda District of Patna Division. The University is catering to the educational needs of the seven populous districts ofÂ Bihar i.e. Patna, Nalanda, Nawada, Gaya, Aurangabad, Jehanabad and Arwal.